(Parnassius apollo) Linnaeus (1758) Svalehaler (Papilionidae) APOL 25450
Apollo (gb)Apolo (es)Apollofjäril (se)
Oberthür (1891) - Sierra Nevada, Spain.
Menthe (1912) - S Norway and W Sweden.
Harcourt-Bath (1896) - E Sweden, Åland Islands, S Finland.
Unmistakable in the Nordic region with the large size and black and white pattern with red spots on the hindwings.
Much more can be said about details of the countless subspecies and forms that have been suggested/described, but this will have to wait until I grow up.
In the Alps the Alpeapollo (Parnassius phoebus) [Small Apollo] is very similar but shows a varying degree of red spots encircled with black near the costa of the frontwings.
Europe, Middle East, China, Mongolia and Russia east to Yakutsk.
Open rocky terrain in mixed forests, heather forests with poor soil. Also near the ocean.
Not shy when feeding. Erratic flight mixed with sequences of elegant gliding.
Extinct in Denmark. Last seen in 1942. Also rare in the rest of the Nordic region, with stronghold in Sweden on Gotland.